India aims 2070 to reach net-zero emissions while China makes avoids making new commitments
- India’s prime leader, Narendra Modi, announced five climate-related commitments, including fulfilling half of the country’s energy needs through renewables by 2030.
- At the COP26 climate meeting, China’s president, Xi Jinping, called for countries to take “stronger efforts” on climate change in a written statement.
- China is the world’s largest carbon emitter, while India is the world’s third-largest.
Target to Reduce Carbon Emissions
LONDON, UK — At the COP26 summit on Monday, some of the world’s biggest polluters were in the limelight as governments revealed their climate change promises.
Narendra Modi, India’s prime minister, has committed to achieving net-zero carbon emissions by 2070. The country is the third-largest carbon emitter in the world. According to Modi,
- The country had 5 climate-related vows,
- It holds 50% of its energy needs by renewable means by the end of 2030,
- By 2070, India will reach the net zero emissions target.
According to Modi, India accounts for 17% of the world’s population and 5% of carbon emissions. It has fulfilled its Paris pledges in both text and spirit, referring to the 2015 Paris Agreement. Nations pledged to keep global temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius as part of this accord. However, to achieve this, global greenhouse gas emissions must be nearly half in the next eight years, with net-zero emissions by 2050.
Outcome of conference
The COP26 conference, which was postponed for a year due to the coronavirus pandemic, comes six years after over 200 countries signed the historic Paris Agreement to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to “pursue measures” to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
In a written statement released Monday at the meeting, China’s president, Xi Jinping, urged for countries to take “stronger efforts” on climate change.
Xi, who will not be present at COP26, also called on industrialized countries to assist developing countries in doing more. The declaration failed to make any fresh pledges on climate change, according to observers. China’s net-zero goal is likewise considerably beyond the 2050 deadline.
Following severe criticism from US President Joe Biden at the G-20 conference of the world’s top economies over the weekend, the Chinese leader issued a statement. Biden slammed China and Russia at a press conference, saying they “essentially didn’t show up in terms of any obligations to deal with climate change.” Russian President Vladimir Putin, like Xi, will not be attending COP26 in person.
China would “rein in the unreasonable expansion of energy-intensive and high-emissions projects,” according to the statement, and will roll out plans for sectors such as coal, energy, construction, and transportation, although no date has been set.