One can expect Private space stations. Are they better than their predecessors?
Kick-off start for New Era Space Station
A new era of space station development is about to begin. Three commercial space station ideas have been announced by NASA, joining an earlier proposal by Axiom Space.
These plans are the first initiatives outside of government space agencies to develop areas for humans to live and work in space. They’re part of a trend known as “Space 4.0,” in which commercial opportunities drive space technology. Many people feel that this will be required to get mankind to Mars and beyond.
In low Earth orbit (less than 2,000 kilometers above Earth’s surface), there are currently two occupied space stations, both belonging to space agencies. From November 2000, the International Space Station (ISS) is staffed and monitored by seven astronauts crew. The Chinese station Tiangong’s first module was launched in April 2021 and is currently staffed by three crew members.
The International Space Station, on the other hand, is set to leave orbit at the end of the decade, after nearly 30 years in space. It was a major symbol of international cooperation after the Cold War’s “space race” rivalry, as well as the first long-term space habitat.
Commercializing the Space-Life
NASA’s backing for commercializing space is driving the transformation. With the advent of private cargo services around a decade ago, this emphasis began. Its goal is to supply the International Space Station (ISS) and private vehicles to bring astronauts to orbit and the moon, similar to SpaceX’s Cargo Dragon. SpaceX’s Crew Dragon, Boeing’s Starliner, and Lockheed Martin’s Orion capsules are among them.
In February 2020, NASA awarded Axiom Space a $140 million contract for a private module to be linked to the International Space Station. Philippe Starck will design a luxury interior for Axiom.
It’s like a “nest, a snug, and friendly egg,” according to Starck. A huge observation area having two-meter-high windows enables the travellers to stare out at Space and the Earth.
The first module is expected to arrive at the ISS in 2024 or 2025, with subsequent modules arriving each year. Axiom’s modules will create a free-flying station by the time the ISS is decommissioned in 2030.
The lack of gravity is one of the most difficult aspects of life in orbit. Handrails, Velcro, bungee ropes, and resealable plastic bags operate as “gravity surrogates,” holding objects in place as the rest of the room floats. Our study examines how crew members adapt these gravity surrogates to make their tasks more effective, as well as how the surrogates’ placement affects how different spaces are used.
They will only be able to make genuine improvements that will improve mission effectiveness if they focus on new types of inquiries and study from a social and cultural standpoint.